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This article examines the effects of corporal punishment on academic success in Ghanaian schools. Initially considered an effective disciplinary tool, corporal punishment is now increasingly scrutinized for its long-term negative impacts on students' psychological well-being, motivation, engagement, and academic performance. Research indicates that physically disciplined students often face decreased academic motivation, lower self-esteem, higher truancy, and dropout rates. Such punishment can impair essential cognitive functions and foster a learning environment marked by fear and resentment, rather than encouragement and growth. The article also discusses the shift in Ghana towards alternative disciplinary methods, reflecting a global movement towards more humane and effective educational practices. These include positive reinforcement and restorative practices, which focus on building a supportive and inclusive school community. The involvement of organizations like the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and Human Rights Watch highlights the international dimension of this issue, emphasizing the need for legislative and educational reforms. The cultural and legal context in Ghana has traditionally supported corporal punishment, rooted in deep-seated beliefs about discipline and respect. However, this stance is evolving due to global human rights movements and changing societal norms. The debate within Ghana mirrors the global discourse on the balance between traditional practices and modern educational philosophies. The article outlines the potential positive impacts of corporal punishment, such as immediate deterrence and maintenance of discipline, while noting the strong evidence of its adverse effects, including psychological harm, anxiety, disengagement from school, and long-term behavioral issues. These negative impacts suggest that corporal punishment is more likely to hinder than foster academic success.


Corporal Punishment Academic Success Teacher-Student Relationship Ghana

Article Details

How to Cite
Dennis, K. ., & Emmanuel, B.-Y. . (2023). Corporal Punishment in Schools and Its Effect on Academic Success in Ghana. Convergence Chronicles, 4(4), 187–194.


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