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While Conscience has been examined extensively in its different aspects, like in philosophy, psychiatry, neurophysiology, neuroplasticity, etc., conscience though it is an equally important aspect of human existence, remains an unknown to a great degree as an almost transcendental aspect of the human mind. It has not been examined as thoroughly as consciousness and largely remains a “terra incognita" for its neurophysiology, brain topography, etc. Conscience is part of a system of information that governs our experience and decision-making process. The article challenges the individualism and neutrality of modern moral conscience and looks at the types of conscience, which include Correct Judgement of the Conscience, Erroneous Conscience, Doubtful Conscience, and Perplex Conscience while arguing that dominant contemporary justifications of conscience in terms of integrity are inadequate without reintroducing these social and moral traits. Conscience is the first principle of moral development. A person is born into a family and a social environment, a society. As the person grows or develops physically, psychologically, and morally, the conscience also develops. Conscience, therefore, is the first principle of moral development This prompts a rethinking of the nature and value of conscience: first, by demonstrating that a morally-responsive conscience is neither a contradiction in terms nor a political absurdity; second, by suggesting that a morally-responsive conscience can be informed by the social world without being a mere proxy for social power or moribund tradition.


conscience correct judgement erroneous conscience doubtful conscience perplex conscience

Article Details

How to Cite
Nanyele, S. . (2023). Conceptualization of Conscience: Types and Moral Development in Society. Convergence Chronicles, 4(2), 10–15.


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